Heritage

“It is up to us to live up to the Heritage that was left for us, and to leave a legacy that is worthy of our future generations”

Torbay Coastal Heritage Trust (TcHT) monitors all areas of Torbay where there is something of historic value.

Heritage in Torbay is a broad concept that includes the natural as well as the cultural environment:

  • Built Environment (Buildings, Townscapes, Archaeological remains, Urban Parks)
  • Natural Environment (Rural landscapes, Coasts, Shorelines, Biological, Geological formations)
  • Artefacts (Books & Documents, Objects, Pictures, Cultural heritage)
  • Performance (Intangible cultural heritage, Oral traditions, Rituals, Performing arts)

As defined by English Heritage, heritage “records and expresses the long processes of historic development, forming the essence of diverse national, regional, indigenous and local identities and is an integral part of modern life. It is a social dynamic reference point and positive instrument for growth and change. The particular heritage and collective memory of each locality or community is irreplaceable and an important foundation for development, both now and into the future.

Negative impacts are effects with detrimental impacts on the social and cultural area and buildings, as well as the natural environment.

As such, we support Coastal Heritage Torbaya non-statutory designation agreed between Natural England and the relevant maritime local authority to:

  • Conserve, protect and enhance the natural beauty of the coastline, their marine flora and fauna, and their heritage features
  • Encourage the public’s enjoyment, understanding and appreciation
  • Maintain and improve the health of inshore waters affecting heritage coasts and their beaches through appropriate environmental management measures
  • Take account of the needs of agriculture, forestry and fishing, and of the economic and social needs of the small communities on these coasts.

Historic Gardens Torbay

“The Victorian legacy of historic gardens is an architectural and horticultural composition of interest to the public from the historical or artistic point of view. As such, they are to be considered, as a ‘monument’…

“The historic garden is an architectural composition whose constituents are primarily vegetal and therefore living, which means that they are perishable and renewable. Their appearance reflects the perpetual balance between the cycle of the seasons, the growth and decay of nature and the desire of the artist and craftsman to maintain its balance through the year.”

The term ‘historic garden’ is equally applicable to all small gardens and to large parks, whether formal or ‘landscape”, registered or unregistered.

Historic gardens in Torbay include Lupton Park (Listed Grade II*), a late C18 parkland landscape with mid-C19 formal gardens, and Torquay Pavilion (Listed Grade II). The Pavilion’s setting is currently neglected.

Lupton Park Listed Grade II* – A late eighteenth-century parkland landscape and mid-nineteenth-century formal gardens

Listed Buildings Torbay

“A building which is for the time being included in a list compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under this section; and for the purposes of this Act –
Any object or structure fixed to the building. Any object or structure within the curtilage of the building which, although not fixed to the building, forms part of the land and has done so since before 1st July 1948. Shall subject to subsection (5A)(a) be treated as part of the building.”

Torquay Pavilion Listed Grade II

Heritage Settings in Torbay

“The surroundings, the curtilage in which a heritage asset is experienced. Its extent is not fixed and may change as the asset and its surroundings evolve. Elements of a setting may make a positive or negative contribution to the significance of an asset, may affect the ability to appreciate that significance or may be neutral.”

“The surroundings in which a place is experienced, its local context, embracing present and past relationships to the adjacent landscape.”

“The setting of a heritage structure, site or area is defined as the immediate and extended environment that is part of, or contributes to, its significance and distinctive character. Beyond the physical and visual aspects, the setting includes interaction with the natural environment; past or present social or spiritual practices, customs, traditional knowledge, use or activities and other forms of intangible cultural heritage aspects that created and form the space as well as the current and dynamic cultural, social and economic context.”

Conservation Areas Torbay

There are 24 areas “of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable only to ‘preserve or enhance’ its significance for a positive and collaborative approach to conservation that focuses on actively managing change. The aim is to recognise and reinforce the historic significance of places, while accommodating the changes necessary to ensure their continued use and enjoyment whilst preserving and enhancing the area. The potential development must not exceed prescribed limits.”

Conservation Area Setting

“The setting of a conservation area is created by the relationship with its surrounding landscape or townscape. These surrounding areas can contribute significantly to the atmosphere and character of the conservation area and should always be considered when a development scheme proposed is close to a conservation area boundary.”

Sustainable Development

“Development that meets the present needs of the above Built Heritage and Green Spaces, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

In September 2007 the English Riviera received international recognition for its rich geological, historical and cultural heritage. Torbay is situated within the stunning, rolling hills of South Devon, and Torbay’s geology has created the beautiful coastline of today, which fundamentally links the rich diversity of landscape with wildlife, people and culture.

Hopes Nose is a Geopark, a significant coastal area of Torquay of Special Scientific Interest. The Geopark’s outstanding historical contribution, both in terms of the development of geological and archaeological sciences is astounding,

UNESCO Geopark Torbay

A UNESCO global geopark is a unified area with a geological heritage of international significance. A unified area that advances the protection and use of geological heritage in a sustainable way, and promotes the economic well-being of the people

“UNESCO Global Geoparks must respect local and national laws relating to the protection of geological heritage and the defining geological heritage sites within a UNESCO Global Geopark must be legally protected. This is done through a variety of mechanisms depending on what is most appropriate in each UNESCO Global Geopark but may involve inclusion of key geological sites and landscapes in local development plans, planning policies or by applying statutory designations.

UNESCO Global Geoparks status on its own is not a statutory designation and therefore cannot be used to restrict development, but as a tool to raise the awareness and understanding of an area’s natural and cultural heritage.